기사 확대기사 축소

미국 CIA --The World Factbook 에서 한국[Korea, South] / 독도 --Liancourt Rocks
미국CIA   
 

다음은 미국 CIA  http://www.cia.gov 에 있는

The World  Factbook 에서 


한국에 관한 것입니다.


지도에 보면 독도를 Liancourt Rocks라고 한 것이 보입니다.

그리고 이 자료의 끝에 아래와 같이

남한과 일본이

1954년 이후 남한에 의해 점령되고 있는

Liancourt Rocks(독 도 /다케시마)를 (자기 영토라고)

주장하고 있다. 고 기술하고 있습니다.

Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
Military Demarcation Line within the 4-km wide Demilitarized Zone has separated North from South Korea since 1953; periodic incidents with North Korea in the Yellow Sea over the Northern Limiting Line, which South Korea claims as a maritime boundary; South Korea and Japan claim Liancourt Rocks (Tok-do/Take-shima), occupied by South Korea since 1954

This page was last updated on 24 July 2008

------------------------------------------------------

 

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This page was last updated on 24 July 2008


Map of Korea, South

Legend: DefinitionDefinition Field ListingField Listing Rank OrderRank Order
   Introduction    Korea, South Top of Page
Background:
Definition Field Listing
An independent Korean state or collection of states has existed almost continuously for several millennia. Between its initial unification in the 7th century - from three predecessor Korean states - until the 20th century, Korea existed as a single independent country. In 1905, following the Russo-Japanese War, Korea became a protectorate of imperial Japan, and in 1910 it was annexed as a colony. Korea regained its independence following Japan's surrender to the United States in 1945. After World War II, a Republic of Korea (ROK) was set up in the southern half of the Korean Peninsula while a Communist-style government was installed in the north (the DPRK). During the Korean War (1950-53), US troops and UN forces fought alongside soldiers from the ROK to defend South Korea from DPRK attacks supported by China and the Soviet Union. An armistice was signed in 1953, splitting the peninsula along a demilitarized zone at about the 38th parallel. Thereafter, South Korea achieved rapid economic growth with per capita income rising to roughly 14 times the level of North Korea. In 1993, KIM Young-sam became South Korea's first civilian president following 32 years of military rule. South Korea today is a fully functioning modern democracy. In June 2000, a historic first North-South summit took place between the South's President KIM Dae-jung and the North's leader KIM Jong Il. In October 2007, a second North-South summit took place between the South's President ROH Moo-hyun and the North Korean leader.
   Geography    Korea, South Top of Page
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Eastern Asia, southern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
37 00 N, 127 30 E
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Asia
Area:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 98,480 sq km
land: 98,190 sq km
water: 290 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
slightly larger than Indiana
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
total: 238 km
border countries: North Korea 238 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
2,413 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
territorial sea: 12 nm; between 3 nm and 12 nm in the Korea Strait
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: not specified
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
temperate, with rainfall heavier in summer than winter
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
mostly hills and mountains; wide coastal plains in west and south
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Sea of Japan 0 m
highest point: Halla-san 1,950 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
coal, tungsten, graphite, molybdenum, lead, hydropower potential
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 16.58%
permanent crops: 2.01%
other: 81.41% (2005)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
8,780 sq km (2003)
Total renewable water resources:
Definition Field Listing
69.7 cu km (1999)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
Definition Field Listing
total: 18.59 cu km/yr (36%/16%/48%)
per capita: 389 cu m/yr (2000)
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
occasional typhoons bring high winds and floods; low-level seismic activity common in southwest
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
air pollution in large cities; acid rain; water pollution from the discharge of sewage and industrial effluents; drift net fishing
Environment - international agreements:
Definition Field Listing
party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
strategic location on Korea Strait
   People    Korea, South Top of Page
Population:
Definition Field Listing
49,232,844 (July 2008 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing
0-14 years: 17.7% (male 4,579,018/female 4,157,631)
15-64 years: 72.3% (male 18,150,771/female 17,464,610)
65 years and over: 9.9% (male 1,997,032/female 2,883,782) (2008 est.)
Median age:
Definition Field Listing
total: 36.4 years
male: 35.3 years
female: 37.4 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
0.371% (2008 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
9.83 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
6.12 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing
at birth: 1.08 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.1 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 5.94 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 6.33 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5.53 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total population: 77.42 years
male: 74 years
female: 81.1 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
1.29 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
less than 0.1% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
8,300 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
fewer than 200 (2003 est.)
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing
noun: Korean(s)
adjective: Korean
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing
homogeneous (except for about 20,000 Chinese)
Religions:
Definition Field Listing
Christian 26.3% (Protestant 19.7%, Roman Catholic 6.6%), Buddhist 23.2%, other or unknown 1.3%, none 49.3% (1995 census)
Languages:
Definition Field Listing
Korean, English widely taught in junior high and high school
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.9%
male: 99.2%
female: 96.6% (2002)
   Government    Korea, South Top of Page
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: Republic of Korea
conventional short form: South Korea
local long form: Taehan-min'guk
local short form: Han'guk
abbreviation: ROK
Government type:
Definition Field Listing
republic
Capital:
Definition Field Listing
name: Seoul
geographic coordinates: 37 33 N, 126 59 E
time difference: UTC+9 (14 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing
9 provinces (do, singular and plural) and 7 metropolitan cities (gwangyoksi, singular and plural)
provinces: Cheju-do, Cholla-bukto (North Cholla), Cholla-namdo (South Cholla), Ch'ungch'ong-bukto (North Ch'ungch'ong), Ch'ungch'ong-namdo (South Ch'ungch'ong), Kangwon-do, Kyonggi-do, Kyongsang-bukto (North Kyongsang), Kyongsang-namdo (South Kyongsang)
metropolitan cities: Inch'on-gwangyoksi (Inch'on), Kwangju-gwangyoksi (Kwangju), Pusan-gwangyoksi (Pusan), Soul-t'ukpyolsi (Seoul), Taegu-gwangyoksi (Taegu), Taejon-gwangyoksi (Taejon), Ulsan-gwangyoksi (Ulsan)
Independence:
Definition Field Listing
15 August 1945 (from Japan)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing
Liberation Day, 15 August (1945)
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing
17 July 1948; note - amended or rewritten nine times; current constitution approved on 29 October 1987
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
combines elements of continental European civil law systems, Anglo-American law, and Chinese classical thought; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing
19 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing
chief of state: President LEE Myung-bak (since 25 February 2008)
head of government: Prime Minister HAN Seung-soo (since 29 February 2008)
cabinet: State Council appointed by the president on the prime minister's recommendation
elections: president elected by popular vote for a single five-year term; election last held 19 December 2007 (next to be held on in December 2012); prime minister appointed by president with consent of National Assembly; deputy prime ministers appointed by president on prime minister's recommendation
election results: ROH Moo-hyun elected president on 19 December 2002; percent of vote - ROH Moo-hyun (MDP) 48.9%; LEE Hoi-chang (GNP) 46.6%; others 4.5%; LEE Myung-bak elected president on 19 December 2007; percent of vote - LEE Myung-bak (GNP) 48.7%; CHUNG Dong-young (UNDP) 26.1%); LEE Hoi-chang (independent) 15.1; others 10.1%
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing
unicameral National Assembly or Kukhoe (299 seats; 243 members elected in single-seat constituencies, 56 elected by proportional representation; to serve four-year terms)
elections: last held 9 April 2008 (next to be held in April 2012)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - GNP 153, UDP 81, LFP 18, Pro-Park Alliance 14, DLP 5, CKP 3, independents 25
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing
Supreme Court (justices appointed by the president with consent of National Assembly); Constitutional Court (justices appointed by the president based partly on nominations by National Assembly and Chief Justice of the court)
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
Creative Korea Party or CKP [MOON Kook-hyun]; Democratic Labor Party or DLP [CHUN Young-se]; Grand National Party or GNP [PARK Hee-tae]; Liberty Forward Party or LFP [LEE Hoi-chang]; Democratic Party or DP [CHUNG Sye-kyun] (formerly the United Democratic Party or UDP)
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
Federation of Korean Industries; Federation of Korean Trade Unions; Korean Confederation of Trade Unions; Korean National Council of Churches; Korean Traders Association; Korean Veterans' Association; National Council of Labor Unions; National Democratic Alliance of Korea; National Federation of Farmers' Associations; National Federation of Student Associations
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing
ADB, AfDB (nonregional members), APEC, APT, ARF, ASEAN (dialogue partner), Australia Group, BIS, CP, EAS, EBRD, FAO, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, LAIA, MIGA, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE (partner), PCA, PIF (partner), SAARC (observer), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNMOGIP, UNOMIG, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
chief of mission: Ambassador LEE Tae-sik
chancery: 2450 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: [1] (202) 939-5600
FAX: [1] (202) 387-0205
consulate(s) general: Agana (Guam), Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Honolulu, Houston, Los Angeles, New York, San Francisco, Seattle
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
chief of mission: Ambassador Alexander VERSHBOW
embassy: 32 Sejong-no, Jongno-gu, Seoul 110-710
mailing address: US Embassy Seoul, APO AP 96205-5550
telephone: [82] (2) 397-4114
FAX: [82] (2) 738-8845
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
white with a red (top) and blue yin-yang symbol in the center; there is a different black trigram from the ancient I Ching (Book of Changes) in each corner of the white field
   Economy    Korea, South Top of Page
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
Since the 1960s, South Korea has achieved an incredible record of growth and integration into the high-tech modern world economy. Four decades ago, GDP per capita was comparable with levels in the poorer countries of Africa and Asia. In 2004, South Korea joined the trillion dollar club of world economies. Today its GDP per capita is roughly the same as that of Greece and Spain. This success was achieved by a system of close government/business ties including directed credit, import restrictions, sponsorship of specific industries, and a strong labor effort. The government promoted the import of raw materials and technology at the expense of consumer goods and encouraged savings and investment over consumption. The Asian financial crisis of 1997-98 exposed longstanding weaknesses in South Korea's development model including high debt/equity ratios, massive foreign borrowing, and an undisciplined financial sector. GDP plunged by 6.9% in 1998, then recovered by 9.5% in 1999 and 8.5% in 2000. Growth fell back to 3.3% in 2001 because of the slowing global economy, falling exports, and the perception that much-needed corporate and financial reforms had stalled. Led by consumer spending and exports, growth in 2002 was an impressive 7%, despite anemic global growth. Between 2003 and 2007, growth moderated to about 4-5% annually. A downturn in consumer spending was offset by rapid export growth. Moderate inflation, low unemployment, and an export surplus in 2007 characterize this solid economy, but inflation and unemployment are increasing in the face of rising oil prices.
GDP (purchasing power parity):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$1.201 trillion (2007 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate):
Definition Field Listing
$957.1 billion (2007 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
5% (2007 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$24,800 (2007 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: 3%
industry: 39.4%
services: 57.6% (2007 est.)
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
24.22 million (2007 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: 7.5%
industry: 17.3%
services: 75.2% (2007)
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
3.3% (2007 est.)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing
15% (2003 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing
lowest 10%: 2.9%
highest 10%: 25% (2005 est.)
Distribution of family income - Gini index:
Definition Field Listing
35.1 (2006)
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
2.5% (2007)
Investment (gross fixed):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
28.8% of GDP (2007 est.)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing
revenues: $248 billion
expenditures: $246.5 billion (2007 est.)
Public debt:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
33.4% of GDP (2007 est.)
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing
rice, root crops, barley, vegetables, fruit; cattle, pigs, chickens, milk, eggs; fish
Industries:
Definition Field Listing
electronics, telecommunications, automobile production, chemicals, shipbuilding, steel
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
7.6% (2007 est.)
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
403.2 billion kWh (2007)
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
368.6 billion kWh (2007)
Electricity - exports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - imports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2005)
Oil - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
17,050 bbl/day (2005)
Oil - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
2.13 million bbl/day (2006)
Oil - exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA bbl/day
Oil - imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
2.41 million bbl/day (2006)
Oil - proved reserves:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
0 bbl (1 January 2006 est.)
Natural gas - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
1.66 billion cu m (2006)
Natural gas - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
34.2 billion cu m (2006)
Natural gas - exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
2,450 cu m (2006)
Natural gas - imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
35.86 billion cu m (2006)
Natural gas - proved reserves:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
0 cu m (1 January 2006 est.)
Current account balance:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$5.954 billion (2007 est.)
Exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$371.5 billion f.o.b. (2007)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
semiconductors, wireless telecommunications equipment, motor vehicles, computers, steel, ships, petrochemicals
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
China 25.7%, US 12.3%, Japan 6.8%, Hong Kong 4.5%, Taiwan 4.1% (2007)
Imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$356.8 billion f.o.b. (2007)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
machinery, electronics and electronic equipment, oil, steel, transport equipment, organic chemicals, plastics
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
China 16.7%, Japan 16.4%, US 10.5%, Saudi Arabia 6.3% (2007)
Economic aid - donor:
Definition Field Listing
ODA, $455.3 million (2006)
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing
$68.07 million (2004)
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$262.2 billion (31 December 2007)
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$220.1 billion (31 December 2007)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$120.7 billion (2007 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$82.1 billion (2006)
Market value of publicly traded shares:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$1.051 trillion (2007)
Currency (code):
Definition Field Listing
South Korean won (KRW)
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing
South Korean won per US dollar - 929.2 (2007), 954.8 (2006), 1,024.1 (2005), 1,145.3 (2004), 1,191.6 (2003)
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing
calendar year
   Communications    Korea, South Top of Page
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
26.866 million (2006)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
40.197 million (2006)
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing
general assessment: excellent domestic and international services
domestic: NA
international: country code - 82; numerous submarine cables provide links throughout Asia, Australia, the Middle East, Europe, and US; satellite earth stations - 6 (3 Intelsat - 1 Pacific Ocean and 2 Indian Ocean, 3 Inmarsat - 1 Pacific Ocean and 2 Indian Ocean)
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
AM 61, FM 150, shortwave 2 (2005)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
43 (plus 59 cable operators and 190 relay cable operators) (2005)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing
.kr
Internet hosts:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
315,537 (2007)
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
34.12 million (2006)
   Transportation    Korea, South Top of Page
Airports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
105 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 68
over 3,047 m: 3
2,438 to 3,047 m: 21
1,524 to 2,437 m: 14
914 to 1,523 m: 11
under 914 m: 19 (2007)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 37
914 to 1,523 m: 3
under 914 m: 34 (2007)
Heliports:
Definition Field Listing
536 (2007)
Pipelines:
Definition Field Listing
gas 1,482 km; refined products 827 km (2007)
Railways:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 3,472 km
standard gauge: 3,472 km 1.435-m gauge (1,342 km electrified) (2006)
Roadways:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 102,293 km
paved: 78,581 km (includes 3,060 km of expressways)
unpaved: 23,712 km (2005)
Waterways:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
1,608 km (most navigable only by small craft) (2007)
Merchant marine:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 738 ships (1000 GRT or over) 10,636,466 GRT/17,371,943 DWT
by type: bulk carrier 187, cargo 202, carrier 1, chemical tanker 119, container 81, liquefied gas 26, passenger 5, passenger/cargo 21, petroleum tanker 57, refrigerated cargo 19, roll on/roll off 8, specialized tanker 4, vehicle carrier 8
foreign-owned: 22 (China 2, France 8, Japan 1, Sweden 2, UK 1, US 7, Vietnam 1)
registered in other countries: 386 (Belize 4, Cambodia 29, China 1, Cyprus 2, Greece 2, Honduras 6, Hong Kong 6, Indonesia 1, Liberia 4, Malta 3, Marshall Islands 3, Netherlands 1, Panama 316, Russia 1, Singapore 7, unknown 4) (2007)
Ports and terminals:
Definition Field Listing
Inch'on, P'ohang, Pusan, Ulsan
   Military    Korea, South Top of Page
Military branches:
Definition Field Listing
Republic of Korea Army, Navy (includes Marine Corps), Air Force (2008)
Military service age and obligation:
Definition Field Listing
20-30 years of age for compulsory military service; conscript service obligation - 24-28 months, depending on the military branch involved (to be reduced to 18 months beginning 2016); 18 years of age for voluntary military service; women, in service since 1950, admitted to 7 service branches, including infantry, but excluded from artillery, armor, anti-air, and chaplaincy corps; some 4,000 women serve as commissioned and noncommissioned officers, approx. 2.3% of all officers (2007)
Manpower available for military service:
Definition Field Listing
males age 16-49: 13,691,809
females age 16-49: 13,029,859 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service:
Definition Field Listing
males age 16-49: 11,282,699
females age 16-49: 10,683,668 (2008 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:
Definition Field Listing
males age 16-49: 382,305
females age 16-49: 336,998 (2008 est.)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
2.7% (2006)
   Transnational Issues    Korea, South Top of Page
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
Military Demarcation Line within the 4-km wide Demilitarized Zone has separated North from South Korea since 1953; periodic incidents with North Korea in the Yellow Sea over the Northern Limiting Line, which South Korea claims as a maritime boundary; South Korea and Japan claim Liancourt Rocks (Tok-do/Take-shima), occupied by South Korea since 1954

This page was last updated on 24 July 2008

 

 

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

다음은 미국 CIA  http://www.cia.gov 에 있는 The World  Factbook 에서 

일본에 관한 것 중의 일부 입니다.

 

지도에 독도를 Liancourt Rocks라고 한 것을 볼수 있습니다.

 

이 자료의 끝에 독도에 대하여 한국에 관한 자료에서와 같게

 

기술하고 있습니다.

 

Japan and South Korea claim Liancourt Rocks (Take-shima/Tok-do) occupied

 

by South Korea since 1954

 

   Japan Top of Page
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
the sovereignty dispute over the islands of Etorofu, Kunashiri, and Shikotan, and the Habomai group, known in Japan as the "Northern Territories" and in Russia as the "Southern Kuril Islands," occupied by the Soviet Union in 1945, now administered by Russia and claimed by Japan, remains the primary sticking point to signing a peace treaty formally ending World War II hostilities; Japan and South Korea claim Liancourt Rocks (Take-shima/Tok-do) occupied by South Korea since 1954; China and Taiwan dispute both Japan's claims to the uninhabited islands of the Senkaku-shoto (Diaoyu Tai) and Japan's unilaterally declared exclusive economic zone in the East China Sea, the site of intensive hydrocarbon prospecting

This page was last updated on 24 July 2008

 

 

 

---------------------------------------------------------------------

 

The World Factbook CIA HomeCIA HomeAbout CIACareersOffices of CIANews & InformationLibraryKid’s PageContact CIACENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY

         
  Japan  
Flag of Japan
Click to enlarge
Categories Banner
 Introduction
 Geography
 People
 Government
 Economy
 Communications
 Transportation
 Military
 Transnational Issues

This page was last updated on 24 July 2008


Map of Japan

Legend: DefinitionDefinition Field ListingField Listing Rank OrderRank Order
   Introduction    Japan Top of Page
Background:
Definition Field Listing
In 1603, a Tokugawa shogunate (military dictatorship) ushered in a long period of isolation from foreign influence in order to secure its power. For more than two centuries this policy enabled Japan to enjoy stability and a flowering of its indigenous culture. Following the Treaty of Kanagawa with the US in 1854, Japan opened its ports and began to intensively modernize and industrialize. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Japan became a regional power that was able to defeat the forces of both China and Russia. It occupied Korea, Formosa (Taiwan), and southern Sakhalin Island. In 1931-32 Japan occupied Manchuria, and in 1937 it launched a full-scale invasion of China. Japan attacked US forces in 1941 - triggering America's entry into World War II - and soon occupied much of East and Southeast Asia. After its defeat in World War II, Japan recovered to become an economic power and a staunch ally of the US. While the emperor retains his throne as a symbol of national unity, elected politicians - with heavy input from bureaucrats and business executives - wield actual decisionmaking power. The economy experienced a major slowdown starting in the 1990s following three decades of unprecedented growth, but Japan still remains a major economic power, both in Asia and globally.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

이 자료의 끝에 독도에 대하여 한국에 관한 자료에서와 같게

 

기술하고 있습니다.

 

Japan and South Korea claim Liancourt Rocks (Take-shima/Tok-do) occupied

 

by South Korea since 1954

 

 

   Japan Top of Page
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
the sovereignty dispute over the islands of Etorofu, Kunashiri, and Shikotan, and the Habomai group, known in Japan as the "Northern Territories" and in Russia as the "Southern Kuril Islands," occupied by the Soviet Union in 1945, now administered by Russia and claimed by Japan, remains the primary sticking point to signing a peace treaty formally ending World War II hostilities; Japan and South Korea claim Liancourt Rocks (Take-shima/Tok-do) occupied by South Korea since 1954; China and Taiwan dispute both Japan's claims to the uninhabited islands of the Senkaku-shoto (Diaoyu Tai) and Japan's unilaterally declared exclusive economic zone in the East China Sea, the site of intensive hydrocarbon prospecting

This page was last updated on 24 July 2008

 

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미국의회 도서관 (Library of Congress) http://www.loc.gov 에 있는

 

Country Studies에서 South  Korea를 click하고

Country Study : South Korea에서

Liancourt Rocks를 clickgk하면 아래와 같은

 

Disputes: Demarcation Line with North Korea; Liancourt Rocks claimed by Japan.

 

기술이 있는 창이 뜹니다.

South Korea

GEOGRAPHY

Location and Size: Strategic location in waters of the Sea of Japan, Korea Strait, and Yellow Sea. Total land area of Korean Peninsula, including islands, 220,847 square kilometers; approximately 98,477 square kilometers (44.6 percent) constitutes territory of South Korea.

Land Boundary: 238 kilometers with North Korea.

 

Disputes: Demarcation Line with North Korea; Liancourt Rocks claimed by Japan.

 

Topography and Drainage: Approximately 70 percent of land area mountains and uplands. Principal ranges--T'aebaek and Sobaek range and Chiri Massif. Tallest mountain--Mount Halla at 1,950 meters, a volcanic cone located on Cheju Island. Longest rivers--Naktong River, 521 kilometers; Han River, which flows through Seoul, 514 kilometers; and Kom River, 401 kilometers.

Climate: Long, cold, dry winters; short, hot, humid summers with late monsoon rains, flooding. Seoul's January mean temperature -5° C to -2.5° C; July, 22.5° C to 25° C. Cheju Island warmer, milder weather than other parts of South Korea. Annual rainfall varies from year to year but usually averages more than 100 centimeters; two-thirds of precipitation falls between June and September. Droughts, particularly in southwest; approximately one every eight years.

Data as of June 1990

 

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다음은 동아일보 http://www.donga.com에 있는 연합뉴스의

 

기사입니다. 이 기사의 기술을 보고 위의 자료들을 찾았습니다.

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분야 : 정치   2008.7.29(화) 09:07 편집

美CIA.의회도서관, 독도 ‘분쟁지역’ 이미 명기


韓.日 양국의 `국제분쟁'란에서 모두 언급
 

미 중앙정보국(CIA)과 미 의회도서관 등 미국 정부와 의회 기관들이 `독도'를 중립적인 `리앙쿠르암(岩.Liancourt Rocks)'으로표기할 뿐만아니라 `국제분쟁지역'으로 명기해 소개하고 있는 것으로 28일 확인됐다.

 

최근 미 지명위원회(Board on Geographic Names.BGN)가 `한국땅 독도'를 `주권 미지정 지역'의 `리앙쿠르암'으로 표기, 논란이 되고 있는 가운데 이미 미국의 공공기관들이 독도를 국제분쟁지역으로 간주하고 있음이 드러남에 따라 전방위적인 대처가 필요하다는 지적이다.

 

CIA는 인터넷 홈페이지의 `월드팩트북(The World Factbook)'에서 한국에 대해 소개하면서 `국제분쟁(Disputes-international)'란에 비무장지대의 군사분계선(MDL),

 

서해 북방한계선(NLL)과 함께 "한국이 지난 1954년 이후 점유하고 있는 리앙쿠르암(독도/다케시마, Tok-do/Take-shima)을 놓고 한국과 일본이 서로 권리를 주장하고 있다"고 `독도문제'를 언급했다.

 

CIA 월드팩트북은 일본을 소개하면서도 `국제분쟁'란에 일본과 러시아간 북방 5개섬 주권을 둘러싼 분쟁과 함께 "한국이 지난 1954년 이후 점유하고 있는 리앙쿠르암(다케시마-독도)을 놓고 일본과 한국이 서로 권리를 주장하고 있다"고 한국과 일본 중 어느 나라를 먼저 언급하느냐 순서만 제외하고는 똑같이 기술하고 있다.

 

뿐만아니라 CIA는 한국과 일본을 소개하는 내용 맨 마지막 단락에 각각 "이 페이지는 2008년 7월24일 가장 최근에 업데이트됐다(This page was last updated on 24 July 2008)"라고 적시해 놓고 있다.

 

미 의회 도서관도 한국의 국가 현황을 소개하는 '컨트리 스터디'에서 독도를 리앙쿠르암이라고 지칭하고, 일본이 영유권을 주장하는 분쟁지역이라고 명기했다.

 

미 의회 도서관의 한국 '컨트리 스터디'는 '지리' 항목에서 남한의 위치와 크기, 국경선, 기후 등을 설명하는 가운데 '분쟁(dispute)'이란 소제목 하에 '일본이 (영유권을) 주장하는 리앙쿠르암'을 '북한과의 분계선'과 함께 포함시켰다.

 

그러나 미 의회도서관의 일본 소개에는 '리앙크루암'이나 '분쟁지역'이란 언급이 나오지 않는다.

 

미 국무부 인터넷 홈페이지도 한국 국가 개황 설명에서 독도를 리앙쿠르암으로 표시한 지도를 게재해 놓는 한편, 이를 분쟁지역으로 명기한 의회도서관 '컨트리 스터디'를 링크시켜놓고 있다.

 

이와 관련, 국정원은 현재 CIA의 월드팩트북에 독도에 대해 기술돼 있는 내용은지난 2005년 이후 국정원이 CIA측에 지속적으로 문제를 제기해 지난 2006년에 수정된 내용이라고 설명했다.

 

국정원에 따르면 지난 2005년 CIA 월드팩트북은 한국을 소개하면서 `국제분쟁'란에 독도와 관련, "리앙쿠르암(다케시마/독도)을 놓고 일본과 분쟁이 해결되지 않았고, 때때로 일본이 주장하는 조업권을 둘러싸고 항거가 일고 있다(unresolved dispute with Japan over Liancourt Rocks(Take-shima/Tok-do) and occasional protests over fishing rights in grounds also claimed by Japan)"라고 설명돼 있었다는

것.

 

이에 국정원은 `분쟁이 해결되지 않았다(unresolved dispute)'는 표현은 말 그대로 미결된 상태의 분쟁지역이라는 인상을 주고 있다는 점을 들어 CIA측에 수차 수정해줄 것을 요청, 2006년판부터 현재 기술된 내용으로 변경됐다고 밝혔다.

 

(워싱턴=연합뉴스)

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

[ 2008-07-29, 15:55 ] 조회수 : 4805
출처 : 미국 CIA